Bone infection: Osteomyelitis


A Bone Infection can result when fungi or bacteria invade a bone. It can either develop suddenly or over a long period. The first and foremost Symptom of the same is pain at the infection site

 

Also known as Osteomyelitis, a Bone Infection can result when fungi or bacteria invade a bone. In children or infants, it generally occurs in long bones of legs and arms. And, in the case of adults, they usually appear in the spine, feet, and hips. It can either develop suddenly or over a long period. If it’s not treated properly, it will undeniably leave a bone damaged permanently. The first and foremost Symptom of the same is pain at the infection site. Other pivotal signs are fever & chills, redness, swelling, stiffness, and more. In fact, there are various compelling reasons for spreading this particular disease.

Indeed, organisms which invade a deep cut and severe wound can cause infections in nearby bones. This is because germs easily enter the system at a surgical site. And, one of the most common causes of the Bone Infection is S. aureus bacteria that often present on the skin. In addition, if you have any symptoms of similar illness, physicians employ several methods in order to diagnose the condition. They perform a Physical Exam to check for pain, swelling, as well as discolouration. Not only this, but they may suggest significant Lab & Diagnostic Tests to identify the exact place and extent of the infection.

To find the organisms causing the Bone Infection, your doctor most probably orders a Blood Test. Besides, they also suggest Bone Scan which will allow you to reveal metabolic & cellular activity in your bones. And, if they don’t provide in-depth information, you may need a Bone Biopsy & MRI Scan. Believe it or not, this will assuredly help you prevent the infection of the bone.

However, the bones are resistant to infection, but the protection lessens when you get older. In addition, there are many factors that make your bone vulnerable to osteomyelitis. For instance, orthopaedic surgery or recent injury as well as circulation disorders. Indeed, the illnesses which impair blood circulation include sickle cell & peripheral artery disease, and poorly controlled diabetes.

It is required to visit an expert, especially when you experience worsening pain that too along with fever. Also, in the case, if you are at the risk of infection due to a recent injury & surgery or medical condition. And, whenever you notice signs of a Bone Infection, treatment could be required like antibiotic (oral or IV treatment it depends on the conditions) and possible surgical procedures.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy is an important option of treatment also that has to be considered.

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