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Post-surgical infected wound

Post-surgical infected wound

Skin is a natural barrier against infection. When a surgery causes a break in this largest organ of the body, it can lead to an infection. This is called SSI as abbreviation for Surgical Site InfectionIt is an infection that occurs after surgery, in the part of the body where the surgery took place. If you have recently undergone a surgery, chances of developing a SSI are approximately 1% to 3% within the initial 30 days.

Types of surgical site infection (SSI):

  • The Superficial Incisional is a major type of SSI that occurs only in the area of skin where the cut was made.
  • Deep incisional is another surgical site infection type which takes place beneath the incision area in muscle as well as the tissues surrounding the muscles.
  • An Organ or Space is also an essential SSI type that can occur in any area of the body other than muscle, surrounding the tissues, and muscles contributed to the surgery. 

Symptoms of Surgical Site Infection:

Any SSI may cause delayed healing, warmth, fever, swelling, redness, or pain. Below are some other signs for a particular SSI type: 

Superficial Incisional SSI may discharge pus from the Post Surgical Infected Wounds.

The Deep Incisional SSI may also produce pus. In this type, the wound site reopens on its own or sometimes a surgeon reopens the wound to find the pus.

An Organ or Space SSI also shows a discharge of pus. The collection of pus is called an abscess, an enclosed area of disintegrating tissue surrounded by inflammation. It may be seen when a surgeon reopens the wound or by special studies such as X-ray.

Surgical site infections: prevention and treatment

If you have recently undergone a surgery, you should ask your surgeon what you can do to reduce the risk for a Post Surgical Infected Wounds. In addition, prior to surgery, you should quit smoking. Also, avoid shaving particularly in the skin area that a surgeon is going to operate through.

When it comes to effective treatment for SSIs, “Antibiotics” can be a solution. Aside from this, an “Additional Surgical Procedure” may be required to treat the surgical site infection. Usually, it is necessary to have a consultation for debridement and change of dressing every day or every other day. Most clinical cases require the use of advanced dressings. Only a few cases may require the use of dermal substitutes to cover the wounds (such as hyaluronic acid ester matrix, naturally-occurring bladder matrix or platelet-rich plasma (PRP).