A burn is tissue damage that results from scalding, overexposure to the sun or other radiation, contact with flames, chemicals or electricity, or smoke inhalation.
When a burn injury occurs, it causes a break in the skin and may subsequently cause an infection if not treated appropriately or right away.
Burns are divided into three categories: first-degree or superficial burns, second-degree or partial-thickness burns, and third-degree or full-thickness burns.
What to do if the burns are major?
Until emergency help arrives:
- Protect the burned person from further harm
- Remove jewelry, belts, and other restrictive items
- Cover the area of the burn
- Don’t immerse severe burns in water
- Elevate the burned area
- Watch for signs of shock
he burn treatment depends on the extension and how deep the burn is. Sometimes the use of advanced dressing could be enough; whereas in a few cases it is necessary to perform surgical procedures using dermal substitutes
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