Lymphedema of the lower limb and its complications and solutions
Lymphatic obstruction, lymphedema is a long-term condition that affects one of the legs or arms. In a few cases, both legs and arms may be affected. The lymphatic system is a crucial part of an immune system and is significant for performing the immune functions. The fluid that is called lymph circulates within it. Indeed, it has an array of symptoms including swelling in the neck or head, recurring skin infection, thickening & hardening of the dermis, aching or discomfort in the affected limb, and many more.
In addition, it’s mainly of two types: primary lymphedema which may be caused by mutations in some genes utilized in the development of the lymphatic system. Secondary one has numerous causes such as cancer surgery, infections, radiation therapy, cardiovascular diseases, injury, and trauma. Initially, physicians diagnose the illness based on the signs. And, if no obvious cause is determined pertaining to Lymphedema of the Lower Limb and its Complications, several pivotal imaging techniques are employed like MRI Scan, CT Scan, and Doppler Ultrasound.
Below are some major complications of lymphedema:
- Skin Infections: To add to your knowledge, repeated episodes of cellulitis are most common with this particular disease. You may know or not, cellulitis is a bacterial infection of the innermost layer of skin.
- Psychological Effects: Along with affecting the appearance, it can have a psychological impact, especially in those individuals who are suffering from cancer. Not only this, but it also increases the risk of developing depression.
- Lymphangitis: With this illness, an inflammation of the lymph vessel can develop. If not treated at the right time, it can easily spread to the epidermis, adjacent soft tissues, as well as the bloodstream, causing bacteremia.
There are various key factors that may increase the risk of developing lymphedema after cancer or from the treatment, as well as from other causes such as:
- Excess weight or obesity
- Older age
- Psoriatic arthritis or rheumatoid
In order to reduce the risk of lymphedema, you should protect & elevate your leg or arm, avoid heat & tight clothing, and more. Besides, you can rest your arm & legs whilst cover. Finally, if you too want to get in-depth information and effective treatment for Lymphedema of the Lower Limb and its Complications, approach a trusted expert to have the proper treatment of it.