Diabetes mellitus, commonly known as diabetes, is a metabolic disease that causes high blood sugar. Untreated high blood sugar from diabetes can damage your nerves, eyes, kidneys, and other organs.
Ulcers are open wounds on the skin that don’t heal properly. You’re most likely to get ulcers in your feet and legs, but they can also form in other areas.
There are several reasons why diabetes raises the odds of getting ulcers. One of the main symptoms of diabetes is high blood sugar. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage nerves and blood vessels.
Nerve damage also makes it harder to feel pain or other symptoms of ulcers or infections, which can keep you from treating smaller wounds before they become ulcers.
There’s a lot you can do to lower your chance of having ulcers:
Keep your blood sugar in check.
Check your skin every day
Don’t walk barefoot
If you do get an ulcer or notice a change in your skin that you’re not sure about, tell your doctor right away. You’ll likely get a procedure called debridement, which removes unhealthy tissue from the wound to spur healing. Your doctor will also work with you to try to keep your ulcer from getting infected and becoming bigger.
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